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18 April, 2021 09:55:45 PM
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Myanmar: Too much talk ends in nothing

There is no chance of avoiding the possibility of civil war in Myanmar and such fears have been expressed by the United Nations. In this case, if the UN Security Council does not take effective and swift action, civil war will become inevitable.
Majhar Mannan
Myanmar: Too much talk ends in nothing

Myanmar's junta is continuing to persecute its citizens since the military coup, and at the same time brutal killings are taking place on a daily basis. Humanity in Myanmar today is in grave and the international community has condemned the dire situation in Myanmar and issued various statements but no effective solution has been found yet. The United Nations has condemned Myanmar's military coup but it could not still take effective action against the repression and genocide perpetrated by the junta in Myanmar. Myanmar is a state where military dominance has existed for a long time and many Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh due to military torture and oppression.

The UN General Assembly passed a resolution condemning Myanmar for torturing Rohingya Muslims and other minorities. At the same time, the United Nations allocated a fund to investigate the Myanmar genocide and other issues. However, the UN has only passed a condemnation resolution and has been limited to allocating some funds. It has not been able to take any effective action on Rohingya repatriation or put pressure on Myanmar. Although the accused country is not compelled to accept a resolution passed by the UN General Assembly, it has an effect on world opinion. Gambia accused Myanmar of genocide over Rohingya issue and sued International Court of Justice. In any major crisis in the world, the UN seems to be limited to mere condemnation, proposals and some financial aid, but in fact the UN has no effective role to play. The role that the United Nations was supposed to play as the parent body of different countries of the world, but in reality the United Nations is not seen to play that kind of role.

When the military coup took place in Myanmar, the United Nations called on the international community to thwart it, but to no avail. Aung San Suu Kyi was arrested after the military coup and the United Nations called for a re-establishment of Myanmar's constitutional policy. But as a large organization, the United Nations has a lot to do in times of crisis in the world. China and India have an important role to play in South Asian politics. Beijing has always played an effective role in protecting Myanmar in the face of international pressure. Myanmar is currently in a state of suffocation and experts believe that if this situation does not end, it could soon lead to civil war. Myanmar is a country where the power of the military is inexhaustible and they take a strong position only if the power of the army can be minimized.

Myanmar's military never expects the rise of democratic forces because they exercise absolute power and 25% of seats is allocated to them. They have veto power to amend the constitution and whenever there is a question of amending the constitution of Myanmar, they have exercised their absolute power. Never before has there been such a strong movement on the streets of Myanmar and the protesters are now in such a state that they are at gunpoint and they are unmoved. Protesters are not afraid of gunfire and they are occupying the highway to assert their rights. They are giving their lives and here is bloodshed. There is no chance of avoiding the possibility of civil war in Myanmar and such fears have been expressed by the United Nations. In this case, if the UN Security Council does not take effective and swift action, civil war will become inevitable.

And if a civil war breaks out in Myanmar, it will have an impact on neighboring Bangladesh. When the civil war breaks out in Myanmar, the Rohingyas can come to Bangladesh again and even the citizens of Myanmar can cross the border, which may be another threat for Bangladesh. According to some experts, the situation in Myanmar could be worse than in Syria. In Myanmar, civilians are being shot like birds at the behest of the junta government and the country has become a hell. There are a number of guerrilla organizations in Myanmar that could further escalate the civil war and the consequences of this civil war could be horrendous and increase the pressure on neighboring countries. Syrian refugees are scattered in 20-25 countries and they are living a miserable life and Turkey has sheltered about 2.5 million refugees. Whenever the UN Security Council wants to take action, the issue veto becomes very strong. China and Russia are among the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, and since they have the power to give veto, it is difficult for the UN to take any decision on the Myanmar crisis.

The solution to Myanmar's problems is much more likely if the UN Security Council adopts an effective or unanimous initiative.
But the political strategies of China and Russia continue to protect the Southeast Asian country, Myanmar, directly or indirectly, and people are not looking for a way to solve the Myanmar crisis easily. An attempt was made to issue a statement to the UN Security Council condemning Myanmar's military coup, but it was not possible due to lack of Chinese support. Since the Myanmar military coup, China has warned that the situation in Myanmar could worsen due to international sanctions or pressure. Meanwhile, at the D-8 summit, Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina mentioned the Rohingya crisis as a threat to regional security. Rohingya repatriation will not be easy at all due to the current dire situation in Myanmar.

Even this dire situation in Myanmar could make the border situation more threatening and challenging. Beijing plays a role in protecting Myanmar from international investigations into various issues, including the Rohingya crisis and human rights abuses. An intense mass movement has started in Myanmar against the junta government and at the same time if the UN can put pressure on the Myanmar government then maybe a success will come on Myanmar soil. After the military coup, Myanmar's junta government thought that their path would be very smooth, but in the face of intense mass protests, their path has now come to a standstill and the government is in dire straits.

Protests, strikes and non-cooperation movements have been going on all over Myanmar for more than two months and hundreds of people are dying every day and Myanmar has become a death knell. Despite so much persecution, the Myanmar protesters have not left the streets and they are still protesting and hope to return home with success. The junta government wants to stifle the democratic spirit that has been created among the people of Myanmar, but it will not be easy at all for the government.

Meanwhile, many in Myanmar's police and administration have defected to the junta and called for an end to the bloodshed.. Myanmar's junta government may feel somewhat safer because of its international political strategy, but Junta is largely helpless to its own people's movement. In short, the UN must take bold, effective and timely steps to stop the ongoing infernal killings in Myanmar, otherwise, people will lose faith to the UN.  The United Nations should not be limited just empty voice. The United Nations has many roles that the world wants to see. 

The writer is Assistant Professor, B A F Shaheen College Kurmitola, Dhaka Cantonment.

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Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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