Sunday 9 May 2021 ,
Sunday 9 May 2021 ,
Latest News
  • Govt turns down family’s application to send Khaleda Zia abroad
  • Bangladesh reports 56 Covid-19 deaths, 1386 fresh cases
10 April, 2021 09:19:08 AM
Print

The pandemic’s impact on NGO-MFI’s microfinance programme in Bangladesh

A good majority of the loan borrowers fall in difficulties to bear household expenses. A few of the surveyed loan borrowers compelled to sell their movable and immovable assets.
Dr. Matiur Rahman and Shishir Reza
The pandemic’s impact on NGO-MFI’s microfinance programme in Bangladesh

A number of Non-Government Organization–Microfinance Institutes (NGO–MFIs) in Bangladesh are now operating microfinance programme to alleviate the poverty of poor people as well as for their organizational sustainability.

The life threatening coronavirus (Covid-19) spread out all over the world in the year 2020 and government in many countries including Bangladesh were forced to declare state of emergency like lockdown to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Among other sectors NGO-MFIs run microfinance sector was also disrupted in Bangladesh.

To oversee the impact of Covid-19 and associated lockdown on NGO-MFIs microfinance sector in Bangladesh a short survey has been conducted by us on some selected NGO-MFIs in different part of the country.

The survey revealed that livelihood of the loan borrowers became worse due to the lockdown declared by the government. A large majority of the loan borrowers mentioned that their monthly personal income, household average total monthly income and savings have decreased. Even they could not go outside for work or even they could not meet their relatives.

Many of the loan borrowers had no income during lockdown period so they were forced to spend their savings money. Some of the loan borrowers compelled to leased out agricultural land; a few of them had to starve / spent days without three times meal; some of them had to sell their cattle/livestock; a few of them failed to pay electricity bill, gas and water bill.

A good majority of the loan borrowers fall in difficulties to bear household expenses. A few of the surveyed loan borrowers compelled to sell their movable and immovable assets.

All the respondents admitted that due to Covid-19 and associated lockdown their school going children experienced loss of lesson learning at school. Many of them mentioned that they failed to take doctors help/ treatment for their own or any other person’s illness in their family.

A very good portion of the loan borrowers mentioned that due to loss of Income Generating Activities (IGAs) they could not payback their Loan Installment timely. Many loan borrowers were bound to withdraw their savings money from the NGO-MFIs.

Regarding psychosocial effects, a very large portion of the loan borrowers reported that they were lived in acute panic and mental anxiety. Obsessive behaviours, paranoia, depression, spousal violence and violence on children in the family were increased. Their feeling of uncertainty was also increased during the lockdown period.

From the survey it has also been found that total number of member and the total number of active loan borrowers of NGO-MFIs have decreased during the pandemic. Loan disbursement has decreased. Loan realization/ recovery rate has been reduced and the overdue amount has increased. Total income from microfinance programme has decreased and the net surplus income has also decreased remarkably.

The net surplus income of NGO-MFIs has been reduced due to the following reasons:  (i) as per Government decision the microfinance programme was operated in a limited scale for about 03 months (April 2020-June 2020) (ii) disbursement and realization of loan money could not be done fully during this period, (iii) local administration instructed to all NGO-MFIs for not creating pressure to loan beneficiaries for realization of the loan money until September 2020.

Thus, the Covid-19 pandemic and associated lockdown has affected thousands of loan borrowers financially, socially and psychologically. NGO-MFIs have also suffered to run the microfinance programme smoothly. Thus, all these findings indicate that there is a severe impact of Covid-19 and associated lockdown on NGO-MFIs microfinance sector in Bangladesh.

Though the microfinance programme of NGO-MFIs hampered but it will be back again on its own path (way). The NGO-MFIs have prepared strategic plan to overcome the situation. Bangladesh Bank has also allocated incentive packages for NGO-MFIs.

The microfinance programme of NGO-MFIs will turn around forward like before pandemic to serve for more than hundred millions of deprived and destitute women and men in Bangladesh.

NGO-MFIs is also very much hopeful that their poor beneficiaries will be able to uplift their livelihood through the microfinance. Microfinance as a system, as a scheme, as a tool for fighting against poverty will be sustained over time.

Dr. Matiur Rahman is Research Consultant, Human Development Research Centre (HDRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh and Shishir Reza is Associate Member, Bangladesh Economic Association (BEA)

Comments

Video
More Opinion Stories
The reward of Lailatul Qadr In a Hadith cited when some ‘sahabahs’ or companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) drew the attention of him that they would not have as long lifespan as their predecessors had; so how they would be able to please…

Copyright © All right reserved.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Disclaimer & Privacy Policy
....................................................
About Us
....................................................
Contact Us
....................................................
Advertisement
....................................................
Subscription

Powered by : Frog Hosting