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25 January, 2020 00:00 00 AM
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icj order on rohingya genocide

Countries backing Myanmar to shift stand, hope experts

HARUN UR RASHID, Dhaka

Experts said the order of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) will change the stand of countries supporting Myanmar, as the court has found proof of atrocities committed by the Myanmar government. They also said these provisional measures would now make UN Security Council members, such as China and Russia, think before taking a stand beside Myanmar or before doing business with that country or making investments there.

They further said as the court has taken the UN fact-finding reports into account while delivering the order of provisional measures, it would put pressure on Myanmar because what the report said has been proved by the court. As a result, UN members, including Security Council members, especially Russia and China, have the obligation to comply with the Charter before making relations with Myanmar.

International analysts and former diplomats said Chinese president Xi Jinping recently visited Myanmar and promised investments there. But the ICJ order will now push China to rethink whether it would continue to invest in that country.

They said China is not an isolated country from the international arena. Since China is moving forward to be one of the world leaders, it should be vocal against human rights violations by the Myanmar government as its army unleashed atrocities against the Rohingya minorities in August 2017, they noted.

The experts further said as China promised to be the mediator between Bangladesh

and Myanmar to resolve the Rohingya

crisis and to expedite the repatriation

process, the country now should come forward to settle it.

Most importantly, they said, as China is investing a huge amount of money in Myanmar as part of its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) to connect with the Indian Ocean, it should bear in mind that all its efforts will suffer if peace and stability, prime indicators for sound development, do not prevail in the region due to the Rohingya crisis.

Foreign minister Dr AK Abdul Momen has always maintained that any kind of investment in this region, especially in Myanmar,

would not be viable if the Rohingya crisis is protracted as it might spread pockets of radicalisation in the region.

Former ambassador M Humayun Kabir told The Independent: “This order will put pressure on Myanmar to resolve the crisis. The international community, especially China, will now have to think before making investments in Myanmar.”

“China is not an isolated country. It has to think of the region where it wants to invest. As China promised to be the mediator, it should now come forward vigorously to tell China to create a safe environment for the Rohingyas and repatriate them from Bangladesh,” he added.

“The Chinese president’s visit to Myanmar and investment is now a critical matter after the ICJ order. China has to rethink what it will do now as the ICJ has taken the UN fact-finding report into account before the order,” he observed.

Besides, the ICJ delivered its order unanimously, which means 15 judges, which include two Chinese judges, have given their observation, he said.

The UN rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Prof. Yanghee Lee, on Thursday told the media in the capital that the role of Russia and China at the Security Council was “shameful”.

“China is trying to be one of the global leaders. But you cannot be one without respecting human rights. And for respecting human rights, you have to seek justice and accountability for all human rights violations,” she noted.

She even said everyone should be careful before doing business in Myanmar amid the grave human rights violations that include killing, rape, mutilation, and displacement.

The ICJ on Thursday delivered its order on provisional measures as requested by The Gambia, the West African country which brought Myanmar to the World Court for committing genocide. The court directed Myanmar to prevent Rohingya genocide immediately and to report to the court within four months about what measures it has taken as per the order.

More than two years have passed, but not a single Rohingya has returned to their place of origin in Rakhine despite two abortive attempts.

Right now, Bangladesh is hosting over 1.1 million Rohingyas who fled from Rakhine after being persecuted by the Myanmar army.

 

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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