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23 May, 2019 00:00 00 AM
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Rise in mercury

Heat stroke, diarrhoea on the rise

Md Habibulla, Dhaka
Heat stroke, diarrhoea on the rise

The prevailing spell of heat wave has been continuing across the country over the last week, putting people in serious health risks like heat stroke and diarrhoea. The met office recorded the country’s highest temperature of 38.0 degrees Celsius at Jashore, in Khulna division, yesterday (Wednesday).

Officials issued warnings to people not to venture out during the day without guarding themselves against the heat. Doctors said children and aged people are the most vulnerable during heat wave. The heat can cause several problems in their system, leading to heat stroke and diarrhoea. Besides, people who work in fields or outdoor construction sites are also at risk of heat stroke.

They said heat stroke generally occurs when an individual has been in the sun for too long, whether working, exercising or simply sitting in a hot environment. If the body's internal temperature reaches 40°C or higher, it is a potentially a life-threatening condition, said experts.  

“Heat stroke is a condition that occurs after exposure to excessive heat where the body’s temperature control system stops working. Ultimately sweating stops and the body temperature rises rapidly, says Dr Aliya Naheed, head, Initiative for Non Communicable Diseases, icddr,b in Dhaka. She said the risk of heat stroke is increasing among the aged people as the temperature is rising.

Maksudur Rahman, associate professor of the neonatology department at Dhaka Shishu Hospital, told The Independent that children below five years are very sensitive to this hot and humid weather. Not only children, many adults too are at risk during heat wave.  

Doctors have suggested measures to fight the heat wave: wear thinner and lighter coloured clothes; stay in the shade when outdoors; consume additional water or fluids to prevent dehydration; saline water that contains sodium, potassium and sugar is a good option to stay hydrated during long exposure to the heat without food or snacks; have fresh juice of summer fruits; reduce meat intake, prefer fruits and vegetable; monitor the colour of your urine. Darker urine is a sign of dehydration and always keep an umbrella or wear a cap.

Different people may have different symptoms and signs of heat stroke. Common symptoms and signs of heat stroke include high body temperature, absence of sweating, with hot red or flushed dry skin, rapid pulse, difficulty in breathing, strange behaviour, hallucination, confusion, agitation, disorientation, seizure and coma, said doctors.

Besides, owing to the summer heat, people are also being affected with diarrhoea. Diarrhoea affected patients are crowding city hospitals, particularly the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) at Mohakhali.        

During a visit at the hospital, The Independent found that doctors were struggling to tackle the large number of diarrohea patients. 

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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