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27 September, 2020 01:57:12 AM
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Spirit of the national poet and father of the nation is similar

: Kazi Nazrul Islam struggled against subjugation, fought for the rights of deprived people. Bangabandhu's struggle was also against exploitation, against subjugation and against deprivation. One is a poet and another one is a poet of politics
Dr. Forqan Uddin Ahmed
Spirit of the national poet and father of the nation is similar
Kazi Nazrul Islam & Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976 AD) was a poet between the First and Second World Wars. At this time the Indian nationalist movement against the British was in full swing. Indian mindset is gradually being formed in the spirit of independence. Khilafath and non-cooperation movement is going on. After the war, the 49th Bengali platoon was disbanded. Nazrul returned, ending the soldier's life. He came to Calcutta and settled there. He began his literary activities in full swing. Along with many others, Nazrul also became involved with the evening daily newspaper Navajug (1920). In the Navajug, he wrote patriotic and revolutionary editorials and poems. The imperialist monarchy looked against the newspaper. New Age publications were suspended. But Nazrul did not give up. He published a half-weekly Dhumketu (August 1922) with a new initiative. He appeared in the literary space like a comet. He also published the poems named as Agnibeena (October 1922). Rabindranath sent blessings for the Dhumketu. 

The Dhumketu was able to awaken the semi-conscious. The British government could not withstand the shock of this national awakening. So the poet Nazrul was imprisoned in the Dhumketu case (1923). Sitting in jail, he wrote songs of freedom and liberation against subjugation. The government got angry with that shackle-breaking song. Torture of prisoners increased. Nazrul went on a hunger strike against the oppression. The poets and writers of Bengal became anxious. At this time the poet came forward. Then the poet is at the top of fame. And Nazrul is a rebellious young man of 24 years. Poet Rabindranath wrote a book dedicated to Nazrul (a play called Basanta). The book was sent to jail. Prison officials were surprised. Poet Rabindranath has dedicated a book to a prisoner! The matter seemed unbelievable to many. Rabindranath sent a telegram to Alipore Central Jail to break Nazrul's fast. In the telegram, the poet wrote ‘Break the fast. Our literature wants you. After being released from jail, Nazrul took hold of the pen with even more enthusiasm. He became vocal against all forms of discrimination following the communist ideology. The revolutionaries became enlivened by his poems and songs. In addition to poetry, he wrote novels Mrtyukhudha (1930) and Kuhelika (1931) to inspire revolutionaries. Ansar and Jahangir are the two characters who became the role models of revolutionaries. At the heart of Nazrul's rebellious spirit was the struggle against subjugation. He could not accept the English rule in any way. His comet was therefore the first to demand complete independence of India. 

Sheikh Mujib is the best Bengali of the millennium because under the leadership of Sheikh Mujib the Bengali nation achieved the best achievement of millennium, independence. The heroes of the sepoy revolution sacrifice their lives for this freedom. Titumir, Khudiram, Surya Sen, Pritilata gave their lives for this freedom. Asad, Matiur, Sergeant Zahurul, Dr. gave his life for this freedom. For this freedom, innumerable unnamed revolutionary Bengalis have given their lives for ages. Fakir Majnu Shah, Bhabani Pathak, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Maulana Muhammad Ali, Maulana Shawkat Ali, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Sher-e-Bangla, Suhrawardy and many others have fought for this freedom. The Indians have finally got fragmented independence (Pakistan and India). The fate of India and Pakistan was decided through negotiations. But we had to fight for the independence of 1971. Millions of Bengalis have lost their lives. These millions of Bengalis united and jumped into the war and snatched the victory or the desired independence of a thousand years at the call of Sheikh Mujib's thunderous voice. That is why Sheikh Mujib is the best Bengali of a thousand years. Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam has similarities with Sheikh Mujib in moral, ideological and revolutionary consciousness. Kazi Nazrul has struggled against exploitation all his life. He struggled against subjugation, struggled for the rights of deprived people. Bangabandhu's struggle was also against exploitation, against subjugation and against deprivation. One is a poet and another one is a poet of politics.

During the Nazrul period there were Hindu-Muslim conflicts in Bengal. Nazrul did not take any side in this communal dispute. Nazrul spoke of Hinduism as a poet of all. He spoke of Muslims. He spoke of all nations. He wanted to shake hands with Hindus and Muslims. Many all-India leaders also wanted Hindu-Muslim unity. But the communal community did not forgive Nazrul. Sectarian Muslims began to call him a ‘kaafir’. Communal Hindus started calling him ‘javan’. Still, Nazrul stood at one junction and continued to play the flute of one union. Fascinated by Nazrul's non-communal spirit, Annadashankar Roy said, "Everything has gone wrong. Everything else has been divided. Nazrul has not been divided. Survive this mistake. There is someone to say Bengali.” This is the Bengali poet Nazrul. Just as the poet Nazrul paid homage to many leaders of all India, so did many leaders pay homage to the poet Nazrul. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose used to say, ‘When we go to war, Nazrul’s war songs will be sung there. When we go to jail, we will still sing his songs. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib was fascinated by the revolutionary spirit of poet Nazrul. That is why Bangabandhu fought to the death against injustice and inequality for freedom and liberation. The poet of politics Bangabandhu brought the poet Nazrul to independent Bangladesh to make him a Bangladeshi citizen. Treatment was not the main purpose. The governments of India and Pakistan together treated Nazrul’s health a lot in the country and abroad. But to no avail. No one expected Nazrul's treatment to be successful in Bangladesh. Bangabandhu brought the poet Nazrul from Calcutta to Dhaka as a state guest. The University of Dhaka then conferred an honorary doctorate on the poet (1974). The poet was awarded the Ekushey Padak (1976) as a national award for granting citizenship of Bangladesh. 

Bangabandhu was not a poet. But the way Bangabandhu knew Nazrul shows the poetic talent he had. Today we have also got the identity of Bangabandhu's authorship. After the publication of “The Unfinished Autobiography”, “Prison Diaries” and “New China I Saw It” - we realize that Bangabandhu is also a great writer. The elegance of the language in his writings is also rich in art. The resemblance and similarity of the nationalist consciousness of Nazrul, the great son of literature, with Bangabandhu, the great son of politics, inspire us. Introducing himself, Bangabandhu said in a speech, "I am a man, I am a Bengali, I am a Muslim." This was the national and religious identity of the father of the nation. So the poet Nazrul and Bangabandhu Mujib have nurtured the same sense of life in their inner consciousness. And the essence of that sense of life is man’s emancipation and sense of humanity. Poet Nazrul was a humanist poet and Bangabandhu was a humanist politician.

The writer is former Deputy Director General, Bangladesh Ansar and VDP.

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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