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18 September, 2020 09:09:50 PM
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How to narrow down dropout rate and foster digital learning

A national policy needs to be developed by involving each school system to establish a management information system that provides necessary and common data on all students
A. B.M Jonayed Hossain
How to narrow down dropout rate and foster digital learning

The Covid-19 outbreak has already destabilized our education sector with serious consequences. Particularly for primary and secondary education, these consequences have significant impacts on: (1) dropout (2) learning.

Proposal on dropout rate reduction

In the view of education system, one of the most threatening concerns of Covid-19 crisis is the probable dropout of a significant number of students from the primary and secondary schools with no hope of return. As a result, this may lead to early marriages that can cause premature pregnancies; such cases can end up with malnutrition problems. Therefore, dropout issue is a silent but a potential threat of the Covid-19 crisis. There are different reasons behind the dropout of a student; for example, behavioral shortcomings, poor academic performance, disciplinary violation, academic demotivation, low socio-economic status, absence of parental support, family mobility, insincere teachers, ill policies and practices in schools, etc. However, by the end of this pandemic period, economic deprivation can be predicted as the most intimidating reason of school dropout cases amongst all.

Policy recommendation: A national policy needs to be developed by involving each school system to establish a management information system that provides necessary and common data on all students. Further, a nationwide consistent record keeping system is required to be executed that will permit school enrollment and dropout data being reported on a regular basis. To avoid centralization problems, management system can be site-based.

Rationale: Established nationwide systems will ensure that dropout reduction programmes are effectively connected to the dropout reduction goals. The ministry of education will be clearly informed and updated with the relevant gaps and challenges to assess the programmes that are effective for the dropout reduction. Hence, this will help to primarily identify, target and monitor the potential dropouts, and continuously observe the student status until the high school level.

Policy recommendation: Throughout the country, advisories need to be appointed by schools to make close interactions with students by building a community through involving their parents. In that case, advisory teachers need to go for home visits of their students to meet parents.

Rationale: Schools can keep the student status running by implementing advisories. Teachers can observe the practical scenario to assess the context whether a student is staying in school or dropping out. Advisory teachers meet students on a regular basis and engage with them to support their academic, social, and emotional needs. Also, advisory teachers can provide a structured way to identify potential students who are at risk and connect them with the programme that can bring them back on the track of education.

Since there are multiple reasons of dropout from school, various types of programmes are required which can deal with the individual circumstances and needs of students. Although stipends and school-meals still exist, they do not seem to be adequate for reducing the dropout rate after the pandemic. Evidence showed that dropout rate rises after various disasters in Bangladesh which in turn indicates that dropout rates can rise after the Covid-19. Combinations of aforementioned policy recommendations can be used to address the needs and factors of the entire range of students which alienate them from school and connect them to the programs effectively to reduce the dropout rate.

Proposal on equity and access to digital learning

Two of the most important issues in education are equity and access, especially in digital learning. On account of Covid-19 outbreak, educational institutions plan to use ICT to provide their programmes onlyne from a distance to their students. However, questions emerge about digital equity and access, mostly for students with challenges, children living in poverty and those who are homeless. Digital learning is still a new progressive system both for the student and teacher communities in Bangladesh. By the following policy recommendations, online education programmes can be dynamic on equity and access concerns.

Policy recommendation: Collecting and evaluating demographic data of students, then using the data to design or redesign the digital learning programme where necessary.

Rationale: This policy will help us to analyze the context of online education of student population, the ability to consume online education and the perception about online education culture and accessibility.

Policy recommendation: Establishing a national digital learning centre in advance by emphasizing on some fundamental topics: quality of ICT infrastructure, country’s capability to utilize online education, the standard of online documents and details, public support, and faith for digital education within the country.

Rationale: Digital learning does not only put emphasis on a good high-speed internet connection with innovatory electronic devices, it must prioritize on digitalizing education sector by establishing merged national digital education strategy and include all levels of education in one platform to assure equity and accessibility.

Policy recommendation: Associating with various partners including government, ICT service, private fields, innovation suppliers, telecom, internet service providers and education professionals to use the digital platform with expanding public-private partnerships.

Rationale: Successful digital learning depends on successful delivery of contents, curriculum, and instruction through electronic medias i.e. internet, satellite broadcast, live or recorded audio/video clips, radio, interactive television, and multimedia CD-ROMS. Coalition will help to develop an effective delivery as well as to ensure non-discriminatory access of student.

Policy recommendation: Developing interactive TV education by especially making contents of renowned teachers to distribute among students through digital tools.

Rationale: Groups of students can come to a location where a TV or computer can be arranged, to participate in learning this way. Remarkable number of students will be able to get hold of such a learning platform through this strategy in the context of Bangladesh.

In Bangladesh, digital learning is still a new progressive system. To ensure equity and access, it is mandatory that every student get the access of technology with the required time and support to participate in the digital learning successfully.

The writer is a post-graduate student, department of development studies, University of Dhaka. Email: [email protected]

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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