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14 November, 2019 12:26:55 AM
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World needs ‘laser-like focus’ to bring down emissions: IEA

AFP, Paris
World needs ‘laser-like focus’ to bring down emissions: IEA
This file photo taken on Apr 8, 2016 in Saint-Vulbas shows the Bugey nuclear power plant. AFP photo

The world must do much more to slash emissions if it is to defuse the climate change time bomb and deliver sustainable energy for a growing population, the International Energy Agency said yesterday.

The IEA said in its World Energy Outlook 2019 report that if current policies continue, demand will rise 1.3 percent annually through to 2040, “resulting in strains across all aspects of energy markets and a continued strong upward march in energy-related emissions”.

If governments instead keep their promises of change and energy demand increases by a smaller one percent, the outcome “is still well off track from the aim of a secure and sustainable energy future,” it said in a summary.

The end point of this “Stated Policies Scenario” would be a “world where hundreds of millions of people still go without access to electricity... and where CO2 emissions would lock in severe impacts from climate change.”

If the aim is to go further and meet the Paris Agreement targets of limiting global warming, then governments will have to adopt “rapid and widespread changes across all parts of the energy system,” the Paris-based IEA said.

This “Sustainable Development Scenario” would reduce emissions sharply as fossil fuel use is cut back but still be able to accommodate projected population and economic growth, it added.

‘Strong leadership’ -

IEA executive director Fatih Birol said this option required “strong leadership” from policy makers who must ensure energy security and put emissions on a sustainable, downward trajectory.

The 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change committed signatories—including the United States which has since withdrawn—to cap global warming at “well below” two degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit), and preferably to 1.5C, so as to limit the impact on the global ecosystem.

However, a landmark UN report in October last year concluded that CO2 emissions must drop a dramatic 45 percent by 2030 -- and reach “net zero” by 2050 -- if the temperature rise is to held at the safer limit of 1.5C.

The IEA said that under its Sustainable Development Scenario, global CO2 emissions would fall two thirds from 2018 by 2050, with net zero achieved in 2070.

EA

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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