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20 July, 2019 12:48:20 AM / LAST MODIFIED: 20 July, 2019 12:12:15 PM
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Taboos, lack of info keep girls away

Technical education
HARUN UR RASHID, Dhaka
Taboos, lack of info keep girls away

Enrolment of girls in technical education is not very common due to social taboos and lack of proper information about the prospects of the subject. In the last five years, the number of girls writing Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) and equivalent exams under the Technical Education Board is lower than that of boys. But the number of girls participating under eight general education boards is higher compared to that of boys during the same period.

The current enrolment ratio of boys and girls in technical education is 85.71:14.29, say sources in the Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB). In contrast, the same ratio in case of general education is 50:50, according to the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS).

Experts and technical education board sources say the government should address this disparity to achieve maximum economic development of the country.

In recent years, the government has been putting highest emphasis on the technical education. Currently, the enrolment of students in technical education is 17 per cent.  But the government aims to increase this to 30 per cent by 2030 in order to elevate the country among those with the developed status.

Experts say technical education is necessary for rapid development of the country. Enrolment of students in technical education is still not satisfactory due to social taboos. Let alone girls, even the number of boys enrolled in technical education is not sufficient, they add.

In 2019, a total of 124,320 students took part in different exams under the Technical Education Board. Among them, 102,716 came out successful.

Most notably, not a single student was absent from the technical education exams this year.

Among the total participating students, a total of 87,864 boys sat for the exams, while the number of girls was only 36,456. In total, 31,927 girls came out successful.

In 2018, the number of boys who sat for exams under Technical Education Board was 83,482, while the number of girls was 34,518. In 2017, the number of boys was 68,765 and girls 28,249. In 2016, the numbers were 72,231 and 30,017, respectively, for boys and girls. In 2015, the number of boys was 67,984 and girls 30,312.

However, the average pass rate of students in technical education has remained almost over 80 per cent in the last five years. The average pass rate in 2019 was 82.62 per cent. It was 75.50 percent in 2018, 81.33 per cent in 2017, 84.57 per cent in 2016 and 85.58 per cent in 2015.

Girls in technical education are ahead in obtaining GPA-5 than boys in the last five years. In 2019, 1,913 girls got GPA-5 as against 1,323 boys. The numbers for girls and boys, respectively were 1,523 and 933 in 2018, 1,666 and 1,003 in 2017, 3,353 and 3,254 in 2016, and 3,364 and 3,066 in 2015.

Recently, education minister Dipu Moni at a press conference said: “The government has given more importance to technical education. Though the current enrolment in technical education is 17 per cent, the government has plans to upgrade it to 30 per cent. Initiatives have been taken to start two trade courses in schools and madrasas.”

BTEB chairman Md Morad Hossain Mollah told The Independent on Thursday: “Enrolment of girls in technical education is not still satisfactory, though the government is providing various facilities for them. Social taboos and lack of information are responsible for it.”

“Girls have 20 per cent quota facilities in technical education. There are four women polytechnic colleges in Dhaka, Chattogram, Khulana and Rajshahi. The government  is planning to set up four such colleges in Rangpur, Mymensingh, Barishal and Sylhet. We hope the colleges will be completed by three years,” he said.

“Despite the facilities, social taboos are behind

the paltry number of girls taking part in technical education. Parents think that the environment in polytecnic colleges is not good. But that’s not true. We’ve friendly environment for girls,” he added.  He expressed hope that they would be able to overcome such misconceptions within the next three years through various initiatives.

Dr Abdul Malek, professor of the Institutte of Education and Research under Dhaka University, told The Independent on Wednesday: “There are different socio-cultural factors at work for the low enrolment in technical education. It’s thought that such education doesn’t provide social prestige. This mentality should change.”

“In many countries, around 65 per cent students are enrolled in technical education. As a result, these students become independent, both economically and socially, at the age of 18 years. Around 90–95 per cent students in general education do not get proper job opportunities after ending higher education,” he explained.  The government should take well-planned arrangements for upgrading technical education with proper facilities, he added.


IK

 

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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