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6 July, 2019 01:06:37 AM / LAST MODIFIED: 6 July, 2019 09:33:57 AM
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2 dengue patients per hour in Dhaka, adjacent hospitals

MD HABIBULLA, Dhaka
2 dengue patients per hour in Dhaka, adjacent hospitals

Every hour, on average two patients affected by dengue have been admitted to various hospitals both in the capital and neighbouring districts, raising the number of dengue patients to 1,699 last month. According to data provided by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) control room, in May at least 193 dengue patients were admitted to various hospitals in the city. The number increased to 1,699 in June. Three of them died.

From January 1 to June 30, at least 2,277 dengue patients were admitted to hospitals, of them 2,015 were released after receiving treatment. Currently, 262 are undergoing treatment in various hospitals in the city, the data said. In June 2018, in all 295 patients were admitted, while in June this year the number increased to 1,699. “The rise in the number is due to the pre-monsoon

rain,” Dr Ayesha Akhter, in-charge of the disease control

room at the Directorate of Health, told The Independent.

“We have received reports that the number of dengue

patients in different hospitals has gone up compared to last year. There are some new hospitals which also received dengue-affected patients,” she said.

She added: “There are three types of dengue – dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS).”

Experts say the symptoms of dengue fever include high fever with at least two of the complications: headache, pain behind eyes, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, joint or muscle pain and rash.

They say disease-resistance among children is low and that is why they fall ill within a short time. “If we can’t ensure treatment in time, affected children may face the risk of death,” one of them said.

In 2014, 375 dengue patients were hospitalised, while the number of dengue patients increased significantly to 3,162 in 2015. The number of patients doubled to 6,060 in 2016, while the number of patients was down to 2,769 in 2017. In 2018, the number of dengue patients increased to 10,148, according to DGHS data.

Doctors said the first dengue fever attack weakens the human immune system. So, it takes a long time to recover if dengue strikes a second time.

They warned that if city dwellers are not alert and do not take preventive measures, they may be down with dengue fever.

Incidence of dengue has grown dramatically around the world in recent decades. An estimated 3.9 billion people in 128 countries are at the risk of dengue infection, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).  

Globally, the number of cases reported increased from 2.2 million in 2010 to 3.34 million in 2016.

Severe dengue was first recognised in the 1950s during dengue epidemics in the Philippines and Thailand. However, the cases of dengue were detected in Bangladesh in 2000; as of now, more than 49,000 people suffered from the fever, with about 316 deaths reported.

Most of the patients were from Dhaka or its neighbouring districts and they took treatment in hospitals and clinics in the capital, according to the DG health.

However, to prevent dengue, WHO suggests to use mosquito repellents, wear long-sleeve shirts, long pants, use mosquito nets and see a doctor immediately.

Health experts urged people not to panic over the current rise in incidence of dengue fever. People should keep their homes clean and get rid of unnecessary containers so that mosquitoes cannot breed in there, they said.

Professor Dr ABM Abdullah, former dean of the medicine department of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, told the media recently: “The number of dengue patients has been increasing. However, private clinics are receiving more patients than the hospitals.”

He said if anyone is down with fever, he/she must keep in mind that it could be dengue. “If anyone has high fever with at least two of the following — headache, pain behind eyes, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, joint or muscle pains, or rash — he may be suffering from dengue hemorrhagic fever. If anyone has fever for four to five days, he must consult a physician.”

When contacted, Abul Kalam Azad, director general of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), told The Independent that although the number of people suffering from dengue fever had increased a little in the city this time compared to the previous years, the situation is still under control and people should not panic.

“We’ve taken measures to combat the Aedes mosquitoes and dengue,” he added.

Emphasising the need to keep homes and adjacent areas clean and dry, he said such mosquitoes breed in stagnant water often found around our homes. They breed in cans, buckets, discarded tyres and other kinds of containers holding stagnant water. “We have to remove such things and keep our places clean. We have already spoken to the two City Corporation authorities about this.”

On Thursday, in a special meeting, the DGHS directed the all government and non-government hospital and clinic to follow the national guide line-2018 and to strengthen surveillance about case, vector and virus.

However, DGHS advised all not take any medicine without Paracetamol and not to receive treatment from any unregistered medical centre or clinic.

In a bid to prevent dengue and chikungunya, the Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC) authorities have taken up a month-long dengue prevention programme in its five areas from July 1.  

At least 450 mobile teams will provide primary healthcare to people of every ward under the city corporation.

On Tuesday, the High Court (HC) directed the two Dhaka city corporations to take steps to prevent dengue mosquitoes.

Besides, the HC asked the civic authorities to submit a report to the court within two weeks.


IK

 

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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