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18 November, 2019 00:00 00 AM

Editor Speaks

M. Shamsur Rahman
Editor Speaks

Lungs are pair of spongy organs covered with pleura in the thoracic cavity, the right one being 625gm having 3 lobes and left one being 600gm having 2 lobes. Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world including Bangladesh claiming more lives than breast, colon and prostatic cancers. All cancers are the result of group of abnormal cells growing and multiplying uncontrollably. Cancer can develop from any tissue within any organ. As cancer cells grow and multiply, they form mass of cancerous tissue that invades adjacent tissue and spread (Metastasize) to distant part of the body. It is rare in persons under twenty years of age.

Early signs of cancer are persistent cough with streak of blood (haemoptysis) or purulent (in lung abcess), chest pain (involvement of pleura), unexplained loss of weight and appetite, feeling weak, recurrent bronchitis/pneumonia or other infections with fever etc. 90% of the cases are due to tobacco. Among those who smoke two or more packs of cigarettes per day, 1 in 7 will die of lung cancer. Even passive smoking is also dangerous. Asbestos is also an important cause. Most often symptoms are due to local involvement of bronchus but may also arise from spread to the chest wall or mediastinum.

There may be clubbing of fingers, x-ray may show solitary nodule in bronchial carcinoma. Bronchoscopic specimen, bronchial washings, sputum should be sent to lab for malignant cells. CT scan, Ultrasonogram, Percutaneous needle aspiration, biopsy under screening are useful. Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Surgery, Cryosurgery, Laser therapy via fibreoptic bronchoscope are important. Our life depends on our lifestyle, diet, smoking and environment.

 

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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