Wednesday 18 September 2019 ,
Wednesday 18 September 2019 ,
Latest News
  • Nursing education to be upgraded: PM
  • Open your eyes: UN envoy to Suu Kyi
  • Trump to meet Imran, Modi for talks focusing on Kashmir
  • Bangladesh to seek expeditious global efforts to resolve Rohingya crisis
  • Dhaka ranks 7th worst in Air Quality Index
  • 536 new dengue patients hospitalised in 24 hrs: DGHS
19 August, 2019 00:00 00 AM

10 facts on nutrition

WHO
10 facts on nutrition

Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases (such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease), and longevity.

Healthy children learn better. People with adequate nutrition are more productive and can create opportunities to gradually break the cycles of poverty and hunger.

Malnutrition, in every form, presents significant threats to human health. Today the world faces a double burden of malnutrition that includes both undernutrition and overweight, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

WHO is providing scientific advice and decision-making tools that can help countries take action to address all forms of malnutrition to support health and wellbeing for all, at all ages.

This fact file explores the risks posed by all forms of malnutrition, starting from the earliest stages of development.

 

Fact 1: Malnutrition contributes to disease and early deaths for mothers and children

Undernutrition, including vitamin and mineral deficiencies, accounts for about one third of all child deaths, and impairs healthy development and life-long productivity. At the same time, growing rates of overweight are linked to a rise in chronic diseases. The result is a double burden of malnutrition.

Fact 2: A key indicator of chronic malnutrition is stunting

Stunting is when children are too short for their age group compared to the WHO child growth standards. About 155 million children globally are stunted, according to 2016 figures, resulting from not enough food, a vitamin- and mineral-poor diet, inadequate child care and disease. As growth slows down, brain development lags and stunted children learn poorly. Stunting rates among children are highest in Africa and Asia. In Eastern Africa 37% were affected as of 2016 and 34% in Southern Asia.

Fact 3: About 1.5 million children die annually due to wasting

Wasting and bilateral oedema are severe forms of malnutrition - resulting from acute food shortages and compounded by illness. Rising food prices, food scarcity in areas of conflict, and natural disasters diminish household access to appropriate and adequate food, all of which can lead to wasting. Wasting demands emergency nutritional interventions to save lives.

Fact 4: Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are still prevalent worldwide

Essential vitamins and minerals in the diet are vital to boost immunity and healthy development. Vitamin A, zinc, iron and iodine deficiencies are primary public health concerns. Globally, about 33% of women of reproductive age, and 42% of children 6-59 months of age are anaemic, with up to one-half considered to be amenable to iron supplementation.

Vitamin A deficiency affects 29% of children 6-59 months of age in low- and middle-income countries and is a risk factor for blindness and for mortality from measles and diarrhoea. Progress has been made in reducing iodine deficiency globally and it was estimated that the populations of only 25 countries had inadequate iodine intakes in 2015 (down from 110 countries in 1993).

Fact 5: Undernutrition during pregnancy creates risks

Maternal undernutrition, common in many low- and middle-income countries, leads to poor fetal development and higher risk of pregnancy complications. Together, maternal and child undernutrition account for more than 10 percent of the global burden of disease.

Fact 6: Increased breastfeeding could prevent 823 000 deaths in children under 5 years

WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for six months, introducing age-appropriate and safe complementary foods at six months, and continuing breastfeeding for up to two years or beyond. Appropriate feeding decreases rates of stunting and obesity and stimulates intellectual development in young children. Breastfeeding prevents breast and ovarian cancer in mothers.

Fact 7: Nutrition is critical for adolescent girls to avoid anaemia

Nutritional problems in adolescents start during childhood and continue into adult life. Anaemia is a key nutritional problem in adolescent girls. Preventing early pregnancies and assuring adequate intakes of essential nutrients for developing girls can reduce maternal and child deaths later, and stop cycles of malnutrition from one generation to the next. Globally, anaemia affects 40% of pregnant women.

Fact 8: About 41 million children under age five are overweight

The rise in overweight and obesity worldwide is a major public health challenge. People of all ages and backgrounds face this form of malnutrition. As a consequence, rates of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other diet-related conditions are escalating worldwide. These are very difficult to treat in places with limited resources and with already overburdened health systems.

According to 2016 figures.

Fact 9: Nutrition information is key to spot areas where assistance is most needed

WHO released international child growth standards that provide benchmarks to compare children's nutritional status within and across countries and regions.

Also, a nutrition landscape information system, developed by WHO and partners, provides country profiles on key nutrition indicators and affecting factors such as food, health and care.

Fact 10: Policy and intervention efforts are underway to save lives

Science has moved forward, and evidenced-based actions that will improve nutritional health - particularly for the most vulnerable - are known. In response, WHO and partners are working together to provide scientific advice to countries, as well as user-friendly, web-based tools.

 

Comments

Most Viewed
Digital Edition
More story
Editor Speaks

Editor Speaks

Communication between organs to organs is vital and this is done by a chemical messenger comprising feedback loops of hormones released by internal organs…
How to keep your legs healthy?

How to keep your legs healthy?

In this fast changing world, you will be hearing quite often your family members especially in their fifties complaining now and then about all kinds…
What are hormones?

What are hormones?

A hormone is a chemical released by one or more cells that affects cells in other parts of the organism. Only a small amount of hormone is required to…
What to know about hormonal imbalances

What to know about hormonal imbalances

Hormonal imbalances occur when there is too much or too little of a hormone in the bloodstream. Because of their essential role in the body, even small…
Adrenal fatigue is the root of many illnesses

Adrenal fatigue is the root of many illnesses

ALEX HOWARD The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys and produce a number of hormones such as adrenalin, noradrenalin, cortisol and DHEA. These hormones…
Andropause

Andropause

Andropause, also sometimes called male menopause, is an acquired type of hypogonadism caused by the gradual decline of testosterone levels as a result…
Can gut bacteria affect how we store fat?

Can gut bacteria affect how we store fat?

DARLA LEAL Gut bacteria or microbes live in our digestive tract helping us digest food, prevent infection, and shown to play a role in our physical fitness.…
How old is too old to go to the pediatrician?

How old is too old to go to the pediatrician?

For most parents, getting started with a pediatrician is the easy part. Chances are that even before you gave birth, you had researched doctors certified…
Britain slumps to bottom of cancer survival league tables – and is two decades behind some countries

Britain slumps to bottom of cancer survival league tables – and is two decades behind some countries

 LAURA DONNELLY   Britain is bottom of international league tables for cancer survival – and is lagging two decades behind some countries…
Hypertension: The No. 1 sign you have high blood pressure

Hypertension: The No. 1 sign you have high blood pressure

KORIN MILLER  Hypertension is known as the “silent killer” and it’s not something that you want to mess with. One in three Americans…
Prof. Dr. Afzal performed the first  zero-contrast angioplasty  in Bangladesh

Prof. Dr. Afzal performed the first zero-contrast angioplasty in Bangladesh

Zero-contrast angioplasty was done, for the first time in Bangladesh, on 30 July 2019 in the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD). Prof.…
Heavy menstrual bleeding: Keyhole hysterectomy technique 'more effective'

Heavy menstrual bleeding: Keyhole hysterectomy technique 'more effective'

A keyhole-surgery technique for treating heavy menstrual bleeding is more effective and just as safe as a non-invasive alternative, a study of more than…
Full chemo doses may improve survival in breast cancer

Full chemo doses may improve survival in breast cancer

Maintaining full doses of chemotherapy, especially early in the treatment course, is important for survival of intermediate or high-risk breast cancer…
Anti-addiction meds can help teen Opioid abusers

Anti-addiction meds can help teen Opioid abusers

The epidemic of opioid addiction and abuse ravaging the United States is also affecting teenagers. Now, research confirms that anti-addiction medications…

Copyright © All right reserved.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Disclaimer & Privacy Policy
....................................................
About Us
....................................................
Contact Us
....................................................
Advertisement
....................................................
Subscription

Powered by : Frog Hosting