Friday 24 January 2020 ,
Friday 24 January 2020 ,
Latest News
  • BNP has no history of victory: Obaidul Quader
  • German shooting: 6 dead in Rot am See attack
  • Tigers lose first T20I by 5 wickets against Pakistan
  • Myanmar must do more to protect Rohingyas: UK
  • UN welcomes ICJ order
  • New AL committee pays tributes to Bangabandhu at Tungipara
  • Mirpur slum fire doused
  • Vaccine for novel coronavirus may be ready in 3 months: U.S. scientists
  • China shuts down 13 cities as virus toll climbs to 26
19 August, 2019 00:00 00 AM

10 facts on nutrition

WHO
10 facts on nutrition

Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases (such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease), and longevity.

Healthy children learn better. People with adequate nutrition are more productive and can create opportunities to gradually break the cycles of poverty and hunger.

Malnutrition, in every form, presents significant threats to human health. Today the world faces a double burden of malnutrition that includes both undernutrition and overweight, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

WHO is providing scientific advice and decision-making tools that can help countries take action to address all forms of malnutrition to support health and wellbeing for all, at all ages.

This fact file explores the risks posed by all forms of malnutrition, starting from the earliest stages of development.

 

Fact 1: Malnutrition contributes to disease and early deaths for mothers and children

Undernutrition, including vitamin and mineral deficiencies, accounts for about one third of all child deaths, and impairs healthy development and life-long productivity. At the same time, growing rates of overweight are linked to a rise in chronic diseases. The result is a double burden of malnutrition.

Fact 2: A key indicator of chronic malnutrition is stunting

Stunting is when children are too short for their age group compared to the WHO child growth standards. About 155 million children globally are stunted, according to 2016 figures, resulting from not enough food, a vitamin- and mineral-poor diet, inadequate child care and disease. As growth slows down, brain development lags and stunted children learn poorly. Stunting rates among children are highest in Africa and Asia. In Eastern Africa 37% were affected as of 2016 and 34% in Southern Asia.

Fact 3: About 1.5 million children die annually due to wasting

Wasting and bilateral oedema are severe forms of malnutrition - resulting from acute food shortages and compounded by illness. Rising food prices, food scarcity in areas of conflict, and natural disasters diminish household access to appropriate and adequate food, all of which can lead to wasting. Wasting demands emergency nutritional interventions to save lives.

Fact 4: Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are still prevalent worldwide

Essential vitamins and minerals in the diet are vital to boost immunity and healthy development. Vitamin A, zinc, iron and iodine deficiencies are primary public health concerns. Globally, about 33% of women of reproductive age, and 42% of children 6-59 months of age are anaemic, with up to one-half considered to be amenable to iron supplementation.

Vitamin A deficiency affects 29% of children 6-59 months of age in low- and middle-income countries and is a risk factor for blindness and for mortality from measles and diarrhoea. Progress has been made in reducing iodine deficiency globally and it was estimated that the populations of only 25 countries had inadequate iodine intakes in 2015 (down from 110 countries in 1993).

Fact 5: Undernutrition during pregnancy creates risks

Maternal undernutrition, common in many low- and middle-income countries, leads to poor fetal development and higher risk of pregnancy complications. Together, maternal and child undernutrition account for more than 10 percent of the global burden of disease.

Fact 6: Increased breastfeeding could prevent 823 000 deaths in children under 5 years

WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for six months, introducing age-appropriate and safe complementary foods at six months, and continuing breastfeeding for up to two years or beyond. Appropriate feeding decreases rates of stunting and obesity and stimulates intellectual development in young children. Breastfeeding prevents breast and ovarian cancer in mothers.

Fact 7: Nutrition is critical for adolescent girls to avoid anaemia

Nutritional problems in adolescents start during childhood and continue into adult life. Anaemia is a key nutritional problem in adolescent girls. Preventing early pregnancies and assuring adequate intakes of essential nutrients for developing girls can reduce maternal and child deaths later, and stop cycles of malnutrition from one generation to the next. Globally, anaemia affects 40% of pregnant women.

Fact 8: About 41 million children under age five are overweight

The rise in overweight and obesity worldwide is a major public health challenge. People of all ages and backgrounds face this form of malnutrition. As a consequence, rates of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other diet-related conditions are escalating worldwide. These are very difficult to treat in places with limited resources and with already overburdened health systems.

According to 2016 figures.

Fact 9: Nutrition information is key to spot areas where assistance is most needed

WHO released international child growth standards that provide benchmarks to compare children's nutritional status within and across countries and regions.

Also, a nutrition landscape information system, developed by WHO and partners, provides country profiles on key nutrition indicators and affecting factors such as food, health and care.

Fact 10: Policy and intervention efforts are underway to save lives

Science has moved forward, and evidenced-based actions that will improve nutritional health - particularly for the most vulnerable - are known. In response, WHO and partners are working together to provide scientific advice to countries, as well as user-friendly, web-based tools.

 

Comments

Most Viewed
Digital Edition
More story
Editor Speaks

Editor Speaks

Disease due to infection is the outcome of interaction between micro-organisms or other agents and the defense mechanism of the body. Illnesses that are…
Q&A on infectious diseases

Q&A on infectious diseases

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly,…
Acute Respiratory Infection

Acute Respiratory Infection

What is acute respiratory infection? Acute respiratory infection is an infection that may interfere with normal breathing. It can affect just your upper…
FAQ on streptococcal infections

FAQ on streptococcal infections

Group B streptococcus (group B strep) is a type of bacteria that causes illness in newborn babies, pregnant women, the elderly, and adults with other…
Bacterial and viral infections

Bacterial and viral infections

Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and…
Could new icddr,b interventions finally achieve “Clean Hands for All”?

Could new icddr,b interventions finally achieve “Clean Hands for All”?

Handwashing is an important part of keeping food safe, preventing diseases, and helping people - especially children - lead healthier lives. While the…
Differences between ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease

Differences between ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease

AMBER J. TRESCA The two primary forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)—Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis—are often lumped together.…
Burnout linked with irregular heartbeat

Burnout linked with irregular heartbeat

Feeling excessively tired, devoid of energy, demoralised, and irritable? You may have burnout, a syndrome associated with a potentially deadly heart rhythm…
Having less sex linked to earlier menopause

Having less sex linked to earlier menopause

Women who engage in sexual activity weekly or monthly have a lower risk of entering menopause early relative to those who report having some form of sex…
Languages affected differently by brain disease

Languages affected differently by brain disease

There are differences in the way English and Italian speakers are affected by dementia-related language problems, a small study suggests. While English…
More studies link vaping to asthma, COPD

More studies link vaping to asthma, COPD

Lung illnesses and deaths from vaping have been grabbing headlines for months, and now two new studies offer fresh evidence pointing to long-term respiratory…
NHS to pioneer cholesterol-busting jab

NHS to pioneer cholesterol-busting jab

JAMES GALLAGHER  A twice-a-year injection that reduces bad cholesterol to protect the heart is to be pioneered by the NHS in England. Already, millions…
FDA approves Numbrino (cocaine hydrochloride) nasal solution for nasal anesthesia

FDA approves Numbrino (cocaine hydrochloride) nasal solution for nasal anesthesia

Lannett Company, Inc. recently announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the New Drug Application (NDA), submitted under…

Copyright © All right reserved.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Disclaimer & Privacy Policy
....................................................
About Us
....................................................
Contact Us
....................................................
Advertisement
....................................................
Subscription

Powered by : Frog Hosting