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21 January, 2019 00:00 00 AM / LAST MODIFIED: 20 January, 2019 11:40:34 PM

Splint for burn patient

Rabeya Ferdous
Splint for burn patient

Burn disaster is a common disaster in Bangladesh. Each year, approximately 265,000 deaths occur due to burns on a global scale. In Bangladesh, around 173,000 children under 18 sustain a burn injury. In Bangladesh, Colombia, Egypt and Pakistan, 17% of children with burns have a temporary disability and 18% have a permanent disability.

After burn it is common to grow different types of complications. This includes:

- Contracture

- Scar

- Limited Joint Range of Motion etc.

Splint is a effective orthoses for burn patient to minimize these complications.

Splints for burns

Splints or orthoses are used in the rehabilitation of burns in a variety of ways to assist with healing and to regain range of motion in a joint or joint(s). They can be pre-fabricated and fit to the patient or custom made to their body with a low temperature thermoplastic.

Splints or orthotics are used to hold parts of the body in the best position in order to:

Immobilize and protect the skin graftwhile it is healing

Prevent the skin from shrinking and becoming contracted as it heals

Restore range of motion of a joint by stretching the skin

Soften scar tissue by applying total contact as in a facial or neck orthosis

Finger extension splints for burns

Purpose: to support a finger joint so that it heals without contracting and to prevent deformity

 

Wearing Schedule: varies; a common schedule would be to wear it at night while resting and take it off during the day for exercise and activity

Resting hand splint for burns

Purpose: to support the hand and wrist joints so that they heal without contracting and so that a deformity does not develop.

 

Wearing Schedule: varies; a common schedule would be to wear it at night while sleeping and take it off during the day for exercise and activity.

Interdigital (between fingers) inserts for burns

Inserts for between fingers and thumb web space

Purpose: to prevent the skin from shrinking as it heals and to restore range of motion by stretching the skin

Wearing Schedule: usually full-time under compression gloves

Clavicle strap for burns

A strap for the shoulders

Purpose: to prevent the skin from shrinking as it heals and restore motion by stretching the skin

Wearing Schedule: varies; may be part-time or full-time, often used to help hold an axillary splint in place

Airplane or axillary splint for burns

Splint for the shoulders or axilla

Purpose: to prevent the skin from shrinking as it heals and to restore motion of the shoulder by stretching the skin.

Wearing Schedule: varies; may be part-time or full-time

Mouth splints for burns

Purpose: to keep the skin around the mouth from shrinking. This could cause a condition called microstomia which makes it difficult to open mouth, eat, speak clearly, brush teeth, complete dental work. There are a variety of mouth splints available, some of them are prefabricated and some are custom fabricated.

Wearing Schedule: part time on a schedule 2-4 times/day.

Ankle foot orthoses

Purpose: to maintain range of motion in the ankle while a patient is on bed rest.

Wearing Schedule: usually when in bed or in the chair. May have an on and off schedule throughout the day.

Splint is commonly used in conjunction with pressure therapy to tackle the contracted scars, make it supple and thus minimize dysfunction. A static or dynamic splint can provide valuable therapy that goes beyond any treatment session. The patient's active participation in the splint programme can facilitate early recovery.

Splint is very important orthosis for burn patient. It prevents scar, joint contracture and any types of deformities. So we have to increase our knowledge about splinting.

 

 

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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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