Friday 22 June 2018 ,
Friday 22 June 2018 ,
Latest News
  • Argentina on brink of WC exit after Croatia drubbing
  • Hasina to brief party leaders on next polls
  • VAT on internet to be slashed by 5pc from July 1
  • AL candidate confident of win
  • Orders on Khaleda bail petitions July 5
17 May, 2018 00:00 00 AM

Louvre Museum

Live Science
Louvre Museum

Jessie Szalay

The Louvre is the world’s largest museum and houses one of the most impressive art collections in history. The magnificent, baroque-style palace and museum, Le Musée du Louvre in French, sits along the banks of the Seine River in Paris.

The Louvre was originally built as a fortress in 1190, but was reconstructed in the 16th century to serve as a royal palace. “Like many buildings, it was built and rebuilt over the years,” said Tea Gudek Snajdar, an Amsterdam-based art historian and museum docent.

During its time as a royal residence, the Louvre saw tremendous growth. Nearly every monarch expanded it. Today, it covers a total area of 60,600 square metres. In 1682, Louis XIV moved the royal residence to Versailles, and the Louvre became home to various art academies, offering regular exhibitions of its members’ works.

During the French Revolution, Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette, were forcibly removed from Versailles and imprisoned in Tuilleries Palace, which was then adjacent to the Louvre. They were executed there in 1793.

The National Assembly opened the Louvre as a museum in August 1793 with a collection of 537 paintings. The museum closed in 1796 because of structural problems with the building. Napoleon reopened the museum and expanded the collection in 1801, and the museum was renamed Musée Napoléon.

“It was Napoleon Bonaparte who created the foundation for the world famous museum the Louvre is today,” said Gudek Snajdar. “He wanted to be in charge of creating a collection of art in Louvre... He wanted to create a museum of France with a wonderful collection of art from all around the world. He enlarged its collection by bringing art from his military campaigns, private donations and commissions he made.”

Napoleon’s contributions included spoils from Belgium, Italy, Prussia and Austria. In 1815, when Napoleon abdicated, almost 5,000 artworks were returned to their countries of origin. France was allowed to keep only a few hundred works, and the Louvre reverted to its original name. Many artefacts from Napoleon’s conquests in Egypt remained. After Napoleon, the museum continued to expand. The multi-building Louvre Complex was completed under the reign of Napoleon III in the mid-19th century.

The Louvre’s collection includes Egyptian antiques, ancient Greek and Roman sculptures, paintings by many notable European artists from before 1800, and crown jewels and other artefacts from French nobles. Its collection spans from 6th century BC to the 19th century. More than 35,000 works are on display at any given time. The displays are divided into eight departments: Near Eastern Antiquities; Egyptian Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculptures; Decorative Arts; Paintings; and Prints and Drawings, according to the Louvre website.

Without question, the Louvre’s most famous work is Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘Mona Lisa’, who enchants hordes of visitors with her enigmatic smile. This small, iconic painting, which is only 53cm by 77 cm, is covered with bullet-proof glass and flanked by guards.

Crowds also flock to see the armless beauty of ‘Venus de Milo’ and ‘Winged Victory’, the ancient Greek sculpture also known as Nike of Samothrace. Other popular works include a stele inscribed with the Code of Hammurabi, da Vinci’s tragic sculpture ‘The Dying Slave’, Antonio Canova’s sculpture ‘Psyche Revived by Cupid’, Eugene Delacroix’s painting ‘Liberty Leading the People’, which depicts Liberty goddess leading a charge in the French Revolution, and Jacques-Louis David’s ‘The Coronation of Napoleon’, which was commissioned by Napoleon himself and is a good reminder of the Louvre’s history.

“Although today its collection is the most interesting part of the museum, the building itself is an important exhibit, too,” said Gudek Snajdar. The building is primarily of Renaissance and French Classical style, she said. The first medieval elements from the old fortress can still be seen underground, beneath the pyramid, around the lobby area.

“Probably its most famous part is Claude Perrault’s ‘Colonnade’ on the eastern façade of Louvre,” said Gudek Snajdar. “It was built in the 17th century and it’s a wonderful example of a French Classicism. It’s composed of paired Corinthian columns with pavilions at the corners of the facade.”

In 1983, the Louvre underwent a renovation plan known as the Grand Louvre. Part of the plan called for a new design for the main entrance. Architect IM Pei was awarded the project, and he designed an underground lobby and modern glass pyramid structure in the courtyard. Inaugurated in 1988, the pyramid would become a celebrated element of the landmark museum’s design. In 1993, the Inverted Pyramid, a skylight dipping into the underground lobby, was unveiled. “Combining traditional style with modern architecture, it shows the Louvre’s timeless beauty,” said Gudek Snajdar.

Due to its size and the scale of its collection, it is impossible to see the entirety of the Louvre in one visit. The museum reported about 8.1 million visitors in 2017, so prepare for crowds, especially around the most popular works. The museum offers a variety of tools to help visitors plan their days, including the ‘Masterpieces Visitor Trail’, timed at about 90 minutes and covering the 10 most famous works, maps of floor plans and advanced ticket options.

The Louvre is open every day but Tuesday and the following holidays: Christmas Day, New Year’s Day, and International Workers’ Day (May 1). The hours are: Monday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm, and Wednesday and Friday from 9 am to 9:45 pm.

As of 2018, admission to the entire museum costs 15 euros (17 euros if ordered online). Admission is free for those under 18, as well as other individuals with proper documentation, such as art teachers, pass holders and people with disabilities. Admission is also free on certain special days, such as Bastille Day (July 14).

 

Comments

Most Viewed
Digital Edition
More story
Five tips for a successful life

Five tips for a successful life

Success is the best achievement for anybody. Everybody has a desire for success. It is difficult to find a person in the world who is not trying to succeed.…
FIFA 18 World Cup video game

FIFA 18 World Cup video game

Ronan Murphy The world’s biggest football game has received a huge update, and it is available on Xbox One, Playstation 4, Switch and PC. EA Sports’…
Bangladeshi football fans gear up for World Cup

Bangladeshi football fans gear up for World Cup

Bangladesh is not in the FIFA World Cup 2018 competition, but the world’s most-watched sports tournament still attracts throngs of soccer supporters…
World’s Oldest Footprints Found on Ancient Seafloor

World’s Oldest Footprints Found on Ancient Seafloor

By Laura Geggel Neil Armstrong left the first footprint on the moon, on July 20, 1969. But what about Earth — when did animals first leave footprints…
Celebrating Fathers

Celebrating Fathers

Sheikh Iraj These days, many fathers are taking on the role of the main caregiver of their children. Many children now live with their fathers due to…
A day for your undercover superhero

A day for your undercover superhero

Maria Mohsin Father’s Day isn’t just a day for fathers to get more ties, mugs and cards. The ties between a father and a child are so very…
How to take care of your health during monsoon

How to take care of your health during monsoon

Monsoons are one of the most magical points of time with the beautiful rains and the amazing blessing it is for the farmers and the revival of trees and…
Zoo

Zoo

If the 1941 Blitz of Belfast, Northern Ireland, doesn’t seem the likeliest setting for a heartwarming, family-friendly film, think again. Writer-director…
The Breadwinner

The Breadwinner

Not every animation can tackle cruelty, injustice and institutionalised misogyny and still be a must-see for kids and parents alike, but the latest hand-drawn…
Why Some Fruits and Vegetables Conduct Electricity

Why Some Fruits and Vegetables Conduct Electricity

At any science fair, you’re almost guaranteed to see at least two go-to experiments: the clichéd papier-mâché volcano and the…
Nature, Lifestyle, Portrait

Nature, Lifestyle, Portrait

Name:         Tapan Karmakar age:        28 years Occupation:      …
Samaj Shahi Mosque

Samaj Shahi Mosque

A mosque is a gathering place for prayers. The architecture of a mosque is shaped mostly by regional traditions of the time and place where it was built.…

Copyright © All right reserved.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Disclaimer & Privacy Policy
....................................................
About Us
....................................................
Contact Us
....................................................
Advertisement
....................................................
Subscription

Powered by : Frog Hosting