POST TIME: 21 November, 2019 00:00 00 AM
Resolving Rohingya crisis at UN
Dhaka calls for reconciliation
Diplomatic Correspondent, Dhaka

Dhaka calls for reconciliation

Bangladesh has told the United Nations (UN) that reconciliation can be a critical enabler for resolving the Rohingya humanitarian crisis, the brunt of which the country is having to bear. “We believe reconciliation can be a critical enabler for resolving the Rohingya humanitarian crisis, the brunt of which we are bearing,” said Masud Bin Momen, ambassador and permanent representative of Bangladesh to the United Nations.

He said this at a Security Council Open Debate on "The Role of Reconciliation in Maintaining International Peace and Security" held at the UN headquarters on Tuesday. In this context, Momen recalled Bangladesh’s successful experience of reconciliation in the Chittagong Hills Tracts in 1997, under the astute leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. He underscored the necessity of a robust enabling environment in Rakhine, underpinned by dialogue between the Rohingyas, rest of Myanmar society and the Myanmar authorities.

Referring to various successful models of reconciliation, Momen urged Myanmar to adopt clearly defined reconciliation strategies through a whole-of-society approach and by ensuring transparency and objectivity in the reconciliation process. He called upon Myanmar to promote active participation of women and young people, and ensure accountability and justice for serious violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law. The UN permanent representative also urged the Security Council to promote sustainable peace in Myanmar’s Rakhine State through reconciliation and reintegration of the Rohingya community with Myanmar society. The Security Council has to encourage Myanmar to address core grievances and ensure unhindered and safe passage of relevant humanitarian personnel and supplies to the Rakhine, he said.

The open debate was held under the Presidency of the United Kingdom. The Secretary-General also spoke on the occasion, stating that “no reconciliation without justice” will work. Masud also mentioned Bangladesh’s contribution, through peacekeeping, to national and local reconciliation strategies in countries emerging from conflict.

For more than two years, Bangladesh has been hosting more than 1.1 million Rohingyas. Since then, not a single Rohingya has returned to the Rakhine State, as Myanmar has not been able to ensure the safety of the displaced people and could not earn the trust of their people. The international community has been continuing its pressure on Myanmar to take back its nationals.