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POST TIME: 12 November, 2019 00:00 00 AM
Goat rearing needs patronage

Goat rearing needs 
patronage

It is encouraging to note that the rearing of Black Bengal goats has increased in Chuadanga as it helps reduce poverty. According to a report of this newspaper recently, about 545,768  Black Bengal goats are in  Chuadanga at present. Of the total, 545,105 goats are being reared in private farms and by families, while 663 are being reared in the Chuadanga Government Goat Farm. There are reasons to feel complacency that among the world’s poorest countries, Bangladesh is home to one of the richest treasures - prized Black Bengal goats. The dwarf-size animals are the source of meat, milk, and leather for families -- and a big part of the national economy. But changing patterns of land use are threatening the animals’ future. It is painful to note that fallow lands for grazing goats are reducing day by day in the country. It is due to the growing human population and the need to plant cereal crops.

The goat is perhaps the most misunderstood and neglected, but nevertheless important species of livestock in the Third World countries. They play an important role in our country's economy. The scientists of the country are working with other experts to help goat herders and farmers adapt to the changing environment. About 80 per cent of the country’s people live in the countryside, and raising goats and other livestock is a key part of their livelihood.

Establishment of goat rearing farm does not involve that much money. Women and unemployed youths living in rural areas can be engaged in goat rearing activities. This can contribute to poverty eradication greatly. What is needed is to learn more about Black Bengal goats. Research supported by various organizations including Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is helping Bangadesh plan and protect the goats’ future.

Goats have typically been raised as scavengers, but now the traditional rearing system in Bangladesh is under threat. New approaches to rearing and managing the herds are needed. The relevant authorities should arrange training programmes for thousands of farmers on better ways to raise Black Bengal goats. Bank loans on easy terms and conditions should be provided to the people engaged in rearing goats.