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POST TIME: 12 November, 2019 00:00 00 AM / LAST MODIFIED: 12 November, 2019 12:39:39 AM
Rohingya genocide
Gambia takes Myanmar to top UN court
Filing the case on behalf of OIC, Gambia asked ICJ to order steps to immediately stop Myanmar’s genocidal conduct
UNB, Dhaka

Gambia takes Myanmar to top UN court

Gambia filed a case yesterday at the United Nations’ highest court, accusing Myanmar of “genocide” in its campaign against its Rohingya Muslim minority. Gambia, which filed the case on behalf of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), asked the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to urgently order measures “to stop Myanmar’s genocidal conduct immediately.” Gambia’s justice minister and attorney general Abubacarr Marie Tambadou, told The Associated Press (AP) he wanted to “send a clear message to Myanmar and to the rest of the international community that the world must not stand by and do nothing in the face of terrible atrocities that are occurring around us.“ “It’s a shame for our generation that we do nothing while genocide is unfolding right before our own eyes,” AP quoted Tambadou as saying in a report from The Hague, Netherlands.

In its first Genocide Convention case, the ICJ imposed provisional measures against Serbia in 1993 and eventually found that Serbia had violated its duty to prevent and punish genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW). Canada, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Turkey, and France have asserted that Myanmar committed genocide against the Rohingya, it said.  The OIC

has encouraged its 57 members to bring Myanmar before the court. Malaysia’s prime minister has also alleged that Myanmar committed genocide against the Rohingya and called for efforts to bring Myanmar before the court.

Myanmar’s military began a harsh counterinsurgency campaign against the Rohingya in August 2017 in response to an insurgent attack.

More than 700,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh to escape what has been called an “ethnic cleansing” campaign involving mass rapes, killings and the torching of homes. Bangladesh is currently hosting over 1.1 million Rohingyas.

The head of a UN fact-finding mission on Myanmar warned last month that “there is a serious risk of genocide recurring.” The mission also said in its final report in September that Myanmar should be held responsible in international legal forums for alleged genocide against the Rohingya.

The case filed with the ICJ, also known as the world court, alleges that Myanmar’s campaign against the Rohingya, which includes “killing, causing serious bodily and mental harm, inflicting conditions that are calculated to bring about physical destruction, imposing measures to prevent births, and forcible transfers, are genocidal in character because they are intended to destroy the Rohingya group in whole or in part.”