POST TIME: 21 October, 2019 00:00 00 AM / LAST MODIFIED: 21 October, 2019 12:20:56 AM
Non-communicable diseases on the rise in country

Non-communicable diseases on the rise in country

Although the rate of communicable diseases is almost under control over the last few decades, the rate of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the country has been increasing significantly in recent times, said Prof Kanak Kanti Barua, vice-chancellor (VC) of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU). He said at least seven in every 10 people died due to communicable disease in 1990. But, after two decades, at least seven in every 10 people were dying due to non-communicable diseases. This was very alarming, he added.

Barua came up with the observation while speaking at the first-ever science congress on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at the Shaheed Dr Milon Hall of the BSMMU yesterday.  Quoting World Health Organisation (WHO), he said at least 5,72,600 people died in the country in 2016 due to non-communicable diseases, accounting for 67 per cent of the total deaths. Of them, 30 per cent people died due to cardio-vascular ailments, 12 per cent from cancer, 10 per cent from chronic respiratory diseases, three per cent from diabetes, and 12 per cent from other NCDs disease.

He said those who died due to non-communicable diseases, most of them were between 30 and 70 years old.

“The government has, therefore, emphasised measures for the control and prevention of NCDs. The NCDs death rate of ages between 30 to 70 needs to come down at least 25 by 2025,” he said.   

The first-ever science congress on NCDs was jointly organised by International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and the British Medical Journal (BMJ). Md Ashadul Islam, secretary, Health Services Division, was present as the chief guest.

According to ICDDR,B, Bangladesh has seen an 8.7 per cent rise (from 58.3% to 66.9%) between 2010 and 2016 in deaths related to NCDs.

One in four Bangladeshi adults aged 25 years or over, is hypertensive, while one in 10 had diabetes, according to an estimate in 2015.

Prevalence of cancer is also very high. An estimated 1.3-1.5 million patients are suffering from cancer, while 200,000 are newly diagnosed each year.

Kidney Foundation of Bangladesh estimates that 18 million people suffer from kidney disease. Of them, annually 35,000-40,000 patients develop chronic kidney diseases, eventually leading to kidney failure.  

At least nine key thematic issues have been selected for the congress. These are: hypertension and cardio-vascular diseases, prevention of diabetes in Bangladesh, stroke and other neurological disorders, mental health and neuro development disorders, chronic kidney diseases, rheumatology and musculoskeletal disorders, chronic respiratory diseases, oncology, and evidence of NCDs in Bangladesh: prevention and control.