POST TIME: 18 July, 2019 00:00 00 AM
Girls outshine boys in HSC results
Experts worry over lower pass rate of boys

Girls outshine boys in HSC results

Students of Rajuk Uttara Model College in the capital jubilate on their campus in celebration of their HSC results which was published yesterday. Photo: Nazmul Islam

Girls have again outshone boys in pass rates for the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) examinations by keeping the trend of the last few years.

However, experts described the lower pass rate of the boys as a worrying sign.

According to them, diminishing concentration in studies, growing tendencies to engage in outdoor activities, intrusion of technology like smartphones, and other socio-cultural reasons might be the prime factors for the lower pass rate among boys.

This year, the pass rate of girls was 76.44 per cent, while that of the boys was 71.67 per cent. In 2018, the pass rate of girls was 69.72 per cent, while boys was at 63.88 per cent. The figures for 2017 were 70.43 per cent and 67.61 per cent, respectively. Similar trends were seen in 2016 and 2015 as well.

This year, girls have outshone boys in seven general education boards, except Rajshahi, which saw a marginal difference between boys and girls.

Girls have performed better in obtaining Grade Point Average (GPA)-5, compared to boys, in three general boards—Cumilla,

Jashore, and Barishal. Though the pass rates have increased in  HSC and equivalent exams, compared to last year, still 348,457 students failed out of the total 1,336,629 examinees.

The average pass rate of HSC and equivalent examinations this year was 73.93 per cent, an increase of 7.29 per cent compared to last year. Students from 8,985 educational institutions took part in these examinations. In 2018, 429,956 students had failed in these exams, while, in 2017, 361,659 students were unsuccessful.

The details were disclosed by education minister Dipu Moni at the education ministry’s office in the Secretariat yesterday. Under eight education boards, the pass rate is 71.85 per cent, which was 64.55 per cent last year. Under 10 education boards, the number of GPA-5 holders was 47,286 while it was 29,262 in 2018.

This year, the number of zero-pass rate educational institutions under the 10 boards is 41.

It was 55 last year. The number of 100 per cent-pass rate educational institutions is 909. It was 400 last year.

No student from 15 educational institutions under Dhaka Board passed this year, while the number is seven under Dinajpur, Rajshahi, and Madrasa boards, each. This number is three for Cumilla Board and one for Chattogram Board.

This year, Cumilla Board topped all eight general education boards in pass rate. The pass rate in Cumilla is 77.74 per cent, followed by Rajshahi whose pass rate was 76.38 per cent. Jashore Board stood third with a pass rate of 75.65 per cent, Dinajpur Board 71.78 per cent, Dhaka Board 71.09 per cent, Barishal Board 70.65 per cent, Sylhet Board 67.05 per cent, and Chattogram Board 62.19 per cent.

The pass rate of Madrasa Board is 88.56 per cent, where 76,281 students came out successful. In total, 102,715 students passed under Technical Board with a pass rate of 82.62 per cent.

On the other hand, under eight general boards, 18,187 examinees of Dhaka Board obtained GPA-5, followed by Rajshahi at 6,729.  Also, 5,312 students of Jashore Board  obtained GPA-5, followed by 4,049 of Dinajpur Board, 2,860 of  Chattogram Board, 2,375 of  Cumilla Board, 1,201 of Barishal Board, and 1,094 of Sylhet Board. As many as 3,236 students of Technical Board obtained GPA-5, while 2,243 students under Madrasa BoardGPA-5.

Dr Abdul Malek, professor at Institute of Education and Research of Dhaka University, told The Independent: “It’s good that girls are scoring well in exams, but the falling rate for boys is not good.”

“Generally, girls are more focused on their studies, compared to boys, who tend to prefer outdoor activities. Besides, other socio-cultural factors, use of technology in excess, and age are some major reasons that influence studies in this age,” he said.

“The families and the educational institutions have to take responsibilities regarding their boys. Counselling can also play a role in improving the concentration of boys,” he added.

Education minister Dipu Moni said those who studied well performed better in the examination. “Those who could not pass the exams should not be worried. Try your best with renewed preparations for doing better next time,” she added.