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POST TIME: 16 July, 2019 00:00 00 AM
The importance of technical and vocational education
Vocational education programmes focus on the acquisition of appropriate skills, abilities and competencies as necessary equipment for the individual to live in adapt to the real work situation and contribute to the development of society
Gazi Md. Abdur Rashid

The importance of technical and 
vocational education

Technical and vocational education is used as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the educational process involving. The study of technologies and related sciences and the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding and knowledge relating to occupations in various sectors of economic and social life. In the light of this, technical and vocational education is the preparation of individuals to acquire practical skills as well as basic scientific knowledge, it provides skilled manpower, for the world of work, that is increasing the work force in the country, individuals with specialized skill as offshoots of efficient vocational and technical education as they are trained, equipped, with workable practical skills, knowledge, aptitude and competencies required in specific occupations.

Vocational education programmes focus on the acquisition of appropriate skills, abilities and competencies as necessary equipment for the individual to live in adapt to the real work situation and contribute to the development of his society. It assists all young people to secure their own future by enhancing their transition to a lot of opportunities after school. Vocational and technical education can be seen as an aspect of education which utilizes scientific knowledge in the acquisition of practical and applied skill in the solution of technical problems. It is the process of acquiring attitude, knowledge, competencies relating to occupations in various factors of economics and social life. It has also been described as the education that prepares students mainly for occupations requiring manipulative skills and is designed to develop skills, abilities, understanding, attitude and work habits needed for useful and productive basis. This can provide employment for its recipients and important practical skill development programme designed to equip persons of trainable qualities with skills that employers of labour want in the industries, in fact, it is considered as the launching pad for technological development.
To achieve the objectives of vocational and technical education, there is the need to create an enabling environment for the teaching and learning process in our schools in order to ensure good quality teaching and learning environment that is crucial to helping students in high academic standards, improved quality in teaching and examination, has become very necessary because graduates who pass through training in this form of education are able to perform adequately as they ought to and as such. The overall aim of quality teaching and learning is to create opportunity for high quality learning which will be evaluated through performance in the long run.
Functions of technical and vocational education:
1.    To provide manpower in applied science, technology and commerce particularly at sub-professional levels.
2.    To provide the technical knowledge and vocational skills necessary for agriculture, industrial, commercial, and economic development.
3.    To provide people who can apply scientific knowledge to the improvement and solution of environmental problems for the convenience of man.
4.    To give an introduction to professional studies in engineering and other technologies.
5.    To give training and impart the necessary skills leading to the production of craftsmen, technicians, and other skilled personnel who will be enterprising and self reliant, and to enable young men and women to have an intelligent understanding of the increasing compatibility of technology.
Vocational education is at raining, that equips learners with the knowledge and skills in the productive, distributive, and service industries for self or paid employment. This type of education as a training intended to prepare the student to earn a living in an occupation in which success is dependent largely on technical information and on the understanding of the laws of science and technology as applied to modern design, production, distribution, and services. It has the function of providing qualified manpower demanded by changing the individual and enabling him to use complex technology.  
Strategies:
1.    Government should provide the necessary equipments, machines facilities and infrastructure needed in the effective teaching and learning of vocational and technical education.
2.    School administrators, government and all stakeholders should provide an enabling environment and stimulate the active participation of the private sector, communities, civil society, organisations, and development partners in vocational and technical education development.
3.    Improve the competence, resourcefulness, and efficiency of teachers and other personnel through training, capacity building, and motivations.
4.    There should be adequate supply of qualified staff to teach in the programme.
5.    The welfare of teachers should be taken seriously, their salaries, allowances promotions etc should be promptly attended to.
6.    Teachers should adequately prepare for their lessons, employ real and concrete items as instructional materials.
7.    There should be proper administration and supervision of the schools and learning programme to ensure that the desired goal is achieved also to promote hard work and discipline in schools.
8.    Schools need to be adequately equipped with good teaching and learning environment, workshops, laboratories as well as good libraries, should be available to make teaching and learning easy, enjoyable and delightful.
9.    Improved esteem by the government and the general public to stimulate the interest of students in vocational and technical education.
With a view to expanding technical and vocational education, the present government has already taken the initiatives like the activities of establishing 100 technical schools and colleges in 100 upazilas.  Those are in progress. By establishing one technical school and college in the remaining 389 upazilas, technical education has been initiated to set up world class polytechnic institutes in the 23 districts. In the private sector 457 polytechnic institutes, including 7,773 technical institutes have been allowed to set up.
  In order to increase the capacity of 49 polytechnics under the Indian government's funding, the construction work is ongoing (money amounting to 2561 crore). Recently government has introduced pre-vocational courses in 640 educational institutions in accordance with general education. Undoubtedly this is a great step promoting technical and vocational education all over the country.

The writer is Research Officer, District Education Office,
Secondary and Higher Education, Munshiganj