POST TIME: 18 December, 2018 00:00 00 AM
Malawi villagers search through river silt in new gold rush
AFP, Nathenje

Malawi villagers search through river silt in new gold rush

Some traders have paid up to $34 a gram, panning for gold is backbreaking work with no guarantee of success. AFP Photo

The gold rush is only four months old in Nathenje, Malawi, but already there are thousands of prospectors digging, shovelling and sifting soil in the age-old search for a nugget that will transform their lives.

“Iyi, iyi,” (“Here, Here!”) is the cry when an excited miner spots any speck of the precious metal and others eagerly gather round at the site, 20 kilometres (12 miles) south of the capital Lilongwe.

Traders from neighbouring countries have been paying up to $34 a gram for the gold, according to one local official.

But first you have to find it. And much of the hard work done here, in scorching temperatures, brings only disappointment.

The miners—many of them women—head back down the deep holes dug on the riverbanks of Nathenje river.

They emerge with buckets on their heads and, after the silt has been trucked a short distance to drier ground, carefully pour the wet dirt onto a sieve to wash away sediment and examine the remains for signs of gold.

Tandizeni Natani barely knew what gold was when she and her fellow villagers left their fields to join in the sudden mining boom.

“All I knew was that it was a precious stone,” the mother of five children, the youngest of whom is three, told the news agency.

“On the first day, I made 25,000 kwacha ($34) and I have made about 100,000 kwacha so far, which has enabled me to buy school items for my children.”

Another villager, Fatima Chikalipo, said she bought a plot of land measuring about five by 10 metres for $7. So far, she had experienced mixed fortunes.

“The first days were good but now sometimes we dig on days and we don’t find anything. So, I have not seen any tangible benefits yet,” she said.

“And the price of the gold has gone down. We used to sell for 25,000 kwacha per gram. Now the buyers are offering 20,000 kwacha.”

Using rudimentary picks and shovels, villagers from the nearby settlements of Lumwira and Dzondi have been joined by other Malawians from across the country, more experienced in gold panning.

An informal system of bosses and employees has also sprung up, alongside a makeshift collection of plastic shelters offering basic accommodation.

“It’s a lot of work,” said local man Misheck Chilayison, who bought a plot of land for $55.

“We pay women who carry the dirt and pay lorries to drive the sand from the riverbanks to the labourers who wash the soil to look for the gold.”

Chilayison said the gold rush began as news spread that an Indian man living in Lilongwe had arrived in Nathenje and started digging, apparently armed with geological research.

“After a while he ran away because the police were hunting for him as he did not have a work permit. But he left two of his men here who brought in a couple of their friends,” he told AFP.

Traditional village head Katondo—who only uses one name—told AFP that the discovery of gold was a blessing for the area.

“This is a huge relief for us, that is why we are all flocking there because this year the harvest was bad,” he said.

“There was going to be serious hunger. Now people make money and they can buy maize to feed their families.”

But illegal gold mining is a dangerous enterprise, and the government wants to regulate the industry to generate income.

“Government is in the process of formalising illegal mining,” said Jalf Salima, the government’s director of mining, adding that licensing would be introduced and illegal miners evicted.

Salima said the quality of gold at Nathenje and five other gold-rush sites in Malawi was not known, and more exploration was needed as the gold in the river silt had been washed downstream from its source.

British colonial rulers undertook a geological survey in 1960, shortly before Nyasaland—as it was then known—became independent Ma