Tuesday 23 April 2019 ,
Tuesday 23 April 2019 ,
Latest News
  • PM returns home from Brunei
  • 2 Muslim brothers were Sri Lanka hotel suicide bombers: Sources
  • IS group claims responsibility for Sri Lanka Easter attacks
  • No possibility of Sri Lanka-like attack in Bangladesh: Counter-terrorism chief
  • Verdict on 2 Netrakona ‘war criminals' Wednesday
9 June, 2018 00:00 00 AM
Print

US, N Korea face-to-face after decades of tension

US, N Korea face-to-face after decades of tension

SEOUL: With US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un poised to meet Tuesday, here is a recap of the decades of tensions between their countries:

The Soviet Union declares war on Japan, Korea’s colonial power, in the closing days of World War II and Washington and Moscow agree to divide the peninsula into two zones of occupation along the 38th parallel.

Two rival states emerge in 1948, the Soviet-backed regime of Kim Il Sung in Pyongyang, and a Seoul government under US protection, an uneasy co-habitation that erupts into war when the North invades the South.

It advances to the brink of victory, only to be driven back to the edge of defeat by a US-led coalition, prompting China to intervene on a huge scale.

The two sides fight to a bloody and muddy standstill that lasts until 1953, when an armistice—not a fully-fledged peace treaty—is signed, setting up the Demilitarized Zone that splits the peninsula to this day.

With the Cold War in full bloom, North Korea scores a coup when its military captures an American spy ship in 1968.

The regime claims the USS Pueblo had violated territorial waters—which Washington denies—and holds the 83-strong crew for 11 months.

The ship is never returned and remains on display in Pyongyang.

Two US officers trying to prune a tree in the DMZ are killed by Northern troops in the 1976 ‘Axe Murder Incident’, prompting a monumental show of force by Washington, which deploys jet fighters and aircraft carriers in the operation to cut down the offending poplar.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union and with North Korea’s economy under intense pressure—resulting in a devastating famine—attitudes to the outside world begin to soften.

Former US president Jimmy Carter makes an unprecedented visit in June 1994 and later that year, Pyongyang and Washington sign an agreement in which North Korea commits to dismantle its military nuclear programme in exchange for civilian reactors.

The detente is short-lived and in 1998 Pyongyang launches its first multi-stage rocket in what it says is an attempt to put a satellite into orbit.

However, a year later leader Kim Jong Il declares a moratorium on missile launches and Washington eases sanctions.

In October 2000, US secretary of state Madeleine Albright meets Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang. Relations sour again under US president George W. Bush, who lumps North Korea together with Iran and Iraq in the “axis of evil” in 2002.

Washington accuses Pyongyang of conducting a secret uranium enrichment programme in violation of earlier agreements, and is proved right in 2006 when the North conducts its first nuclear test.

Three years later the North walks out of the Six-Party Talks, a Chinese-chaired process that includes the US, and detonates its second nuclear blast. Weapons testing accelerates after Kim Jong Il dies in 2011 and his son Kim Jong Un inherits power.

In 2017 the North carries out its sixth and by far its largest nuclear explosion, with a yield estimated at up to 250 kilotons, and launches missiles that bring the entire US mainland within range.

The young leader declares his weapons programme complete. North Korea’s testing frenzy coincides with Donald Trump’s first year in the White House.

Throughout 2017, Trump and Kim threaten each other with war—Trump promises “fire and fury”—and both men launch increasingly extravagant verbal attacks.

Trump derides Kim as “little Rocket Man”, while Kim returns the favour—and coins one of diplomacy’s more memorable insults—by calling the septuagenarian a “mentally deranged US dotard”.

When 2018 dawns it brings a rapid change in mood, with North Korea sending a delegation to the Winter Olympics in South Korea.

South Korean President Moon Jae-in seizes the opportunity and works to get Pyongyang and Washington talking again.

In March, Trump abruptly—and apparently without consulting advisers—accepts a North Korean invitation to a summit.

 

Comments

Poll
Today's Question »
State minister for power Nasrul Hamid yesterday said everyone to have access to electricity by June. Do you think the feat achievable by the timeframe?
 Yes
 No
 No Comment
Yes 52.2%
No 43.9%
No Comment 3.9%
Most Viewed
Digital Edition
Archive
SunMonTueWedThuFri Sat
010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930

Copyright © All right reserved.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman

Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Disclaimer & Privacy Policy
....................................................
About Us
....................................................
Contact Us
....................................................
Advertisement
....................................................
Subscription

Powered by : Frog Hosting